C.6.9. - Discuss how ambient intelligence can be used to support people.

Ambient Intelligence - Definiton:
  • electronic environments that are sensitive and responsive to the people within the environment
  • devices supporting people in their everyday life
  • characteristics:
    • embedded into the environment
    • context aware
    • personalised
    • adaptive
    • anticipatory
  • short: AmI

diagram021.png
(Air Lab, Stanford)


Biometrics
  • metrics of human characteristics used for identification
    • biometric identifiers
      • measurable characteristics used for identification
      • 2 categories:
        • physiological
          • body shape
            • e.g. fingerprint, palm veins/print, face recognition, DNA, hand geometry, iris recognition, scent
        • behavioural
          • pattern of behaviour
            • e.g. typing rhythm, voice
          • behaviometrics
  • used for:
    • identification
    • access control
    • surveillance
  • unique to person
    • reliable
  • however, privacy concerns
  • How are biometrics used to support people?
    • used to unlock devices
      • quicker
      • protection (can be faked)
    • fraud resistance
    • to ensure regulate access control
    • security
      • surveillance of criminals
    • speed
      • Fingerprint_scanner_identification.jpg
        (Fingerprint Scanner, Wikipedia)
        identification quicker
  • Real-life examples:
    • fingerprint scanner
      • used by governmental institutions for projects requesting high security
      • iPhone - used to unlock
        • makes unlocking quicker
        • protects personal device
      • Walt-Disney World
        • to verify that ticket only used by one person
    • face scanners
      • e.g. Heathrow Airport London
      • biometric data contained on passport

      • face of traveler and biometric data contained on passport compared



(Corno, Fulvio. Slideshare)

Nanotechnologies
  • Nanotechnology deals with the manipulation of matter sized from 1 to 100 nanometers
    • 1 cm = 10000000 nm
  • aware of small particles in environment
    • analyse and interpret situation
  • nanotechnologies enable ambient intelligence
  • devices small in shape and size
  • How is nanotechnology used to support people?
    • monitor health condition of patience
      • even at home
    • nanotechnology has:
      imgres.jpg
      ECG Patch (Ambient Intelligence and Healthcare, Living Knowledge)
      • low power consumption
      • high operation speed
    • control environments
      • atomic fusion
      • dissembling of atoms
  • Examples
    • patients can get home care
      • sensors analysing habits, state of body
    • ECG patch
      • analyses heart rhythm of patient and can foretell epileptic seizures

Appreciation - What possibilities are provided? How are people supported?
  • nanotechnology enable ambient intelligence that is:
    • small in shape and size
    • has low power consumption
    • high operation speed
    • aware of small particles
  • biometrics enable ambient intelligence that can be used for
    • identification
    • access control
    • surveillance
  • security increased
    • e.g. fingerprint unlocking on phone
  • healthcare bettered
    • e.g. ECG patches

Criticism
  • loss of privacy
  • vulnerability
    • sensitive data could fall into the hands of a third party
  • no human contact
  • unemployment
    • people replaced by machines








Created By: Lucie Charlotte Magister
Last update: 28/02/2015

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